Technology and magic are similar in a lot of ways. Not a whole lot of people understand them but most people are amazed by what they manage to achieve.
But people wish upon technology or magic to make life easier for them and that’s exactly what the ‘Internet of Things’ aims on doing. The phenomenon of the Internet of Things is already here but a massive paradigm shift in the way we live is about to hit us in less than a decade. Are we ready?
What is IoT ?
The Internet of Things lives by the rule that everything that can be connected, should be connected; from pace-makers, automobiles, alarm clocks to one’s toasters.
But IoT is much more than the hardware- the beacons, wearables, connected machinery and infrastructure; and the software- cloud, protocols, augmented reality, that facilitate its functioning. It’s the ability to add a sensor and connectivity and hence attach a data stream to any object, systems or a network of systems.
In healthcare industry, for example, insulin pumps and blood-pressure cuffs that connect to a mobile app can enable people to record, track, and monitor their own vital signs, without having to go to a doctor’s office. IoT encourages people into healthcare and engages them into self-monitoring and regulation which leads to better disease management and substantial financial savings for the patient.
Ultimately, the user wants to automate his environment according to his adjusted settings that allow maximum productivity to get work done without his intervention. This stands to be the main idea behind a lot of the new ‘smart’ devices and infrastructure around us today.
IoT In India
- With the major themes this year being Smart Cities, Smart Classes, Smart Homes, ubiquitous broadband etc., IoT was bound to gain traction.
- The entire market of IoT is expected to grow to $15 billion by the year 2020 from the present $5.6 billion due to the push from the industrial IoT sector, as reported by NASSCOM.
- CISCO Investments has already backed a lot of IoT accelerators and startups like Ayla Networks and EVRYTHNG.
- Bolt, a start-up based in Goa, enables enterprises to build scalable IoT products in just a day’s time. It is basically connecting users to the IoT platform providing both the hardware and the cloud services. They help firms create personalized dashboards to visualize data, monitor device health, send text alerts etc. In all developers just have to focus on the end product, leaving visualization, analytics, network connectivity, storage and scalability to Bolt.
- One of the biggest boons of IoT in India is energy conservation and its implementation in agriculture. SmartAgri built by scientists at CERN allows farmers to get colour coded messages via the cloud on their mobiles regarding moisture content, pH levels and mineral content in the soil.
Control, Privacy and Security
We have to be ready for a flood of data and services to take over life as we know it. At the foundational core of the IoT is the embedding processes which are going to be pervasive and so ensuring that they are secure will be one of our top priorities in the future.
Up until the age of IoT, our relationship with the Internet was autonomous, consensual and optional. It revolved around us switching on and off our smartphones, laptops and iPads at our will and walking away from the cloud( as much as we could). Adding sensors to ‘things’ also puts them into a zone of vulnerability where they are prone to getting hacked. A team of researchers at Microsoft and the University of Michigan recently found a plethora of holes in the security of Samsung’s SmartThings smart home platform, and the methods were far from complex.
Control of ownership when it comes to data is complex. With sensors now tracking our actions on the devices connected, they monitor and rate the level of control we exert and also cause changes in the nature of our relationship with the device.
The 2015 Icontrol State of the Smart Home study found that 44% of all Americans were “very concerned” about the possibility of their information getting stolen from their smart homes, and 27% were “somewhat concerned.”
IoTs will leave us wanting a more protected environment but getting a full-proof immunity may well be impossible given the penetration of IoT in the near future.
IoT is on the prowl to disrupt and revolutionalise life at work and at home to connect devices rather than individuals, at a larger platform.