Rise of “cricket” in India since 1901

Pre and post independence, castism, first dalit, Religious conflicts, compensation, confidence and understanding, sportsmanship, equality, team spirit.


Britishers ruled in India.  There are numbers in terms of how many years did Britishers rule in India? 89 years ( 1858-1947) ? 182 years (British control from initial direct administration of Bengal by the East India Company from 1765) ? 98 years (Control of the whole of India beginning with the East India Company dated from 1849) ?

But they had upper hand till Sardar patel, V K Menon, and J L Nehru worked tremendously and made India united. India gained independence in the year 1947 where Britishers had 60% of land with them which was divided between India and Pakistan.

Nevertheless, British rule had many good things which helped Indians to grow. However overall British rule is considered, it was evil for India.

As India was coming out of the clutches of British rule, there was one common thing between two nations- CRICKET. Right from pre independence cricket existed in India. We can even say that the sports was introduced by Britishers in India and it has its own importance in the heart of each Indian now. Right from Maharaja Ranjitsinh ji , an Indian, who played for England from 1895-1902 till the master blaster, post independence, Sachin Tendulkar. India has seen lots of changes since 1901. Legends like Pataudi, Kapil dev, Beshen Singh Bedi and Lala Amarnat have contributed to Indian cricket because of whose efforts we can see all kinds of matches played today at domestic, national and international level.

Image result for Ranjit singh cricketer Maharaja Ranjitsinh ji – Represented England ( 1895-1902). He is arguably and unofficially India’s first ever cricket player who represented England in the year 1895. Known as Ranji, he made waves in the cricketing world by his unorthodox stance and stroke-play. Getting into cricket at the age of 10 was difficult as he belonged to maharaja community. Urgently he enrolled himself to Bombay Presidency and took up British way of teaching and studying. His first preference was tennis though. Ranji started late because of prejudice. He couldn’t play for Cambridge team because he was an Indian. Future England captain- Stanley Jackson refused to take Ranji. Ranji was out from the team till one of the injured England player gave him a chance to play. Ranji played beautifully averaging 44 with bat. Ranji and mentor Daniel Hayward came up with an idea of back-foot stroke play as many cricketers were leaning forward to play each ball because of which they were unable to play short pitch deliveries. This led to a popularization of new shot called the leg glance. Ranji was among best fielders as well with 233 catches in his kitty in this first class carrier.

He later played for Sussex with international legends and accumulated massive scores in county cricket. Played for London County and domestic cricket. His test début was on 16th July 1896 v/s Australia and last test was on 24th July 1902 v/s Australia. 

Image result for Palwankar baloo Palwankar Baloo – Career (1905- 1921) Represented Hindus (India). Baloo belongs to Dharwad, Karnataka and first dalit player to make it to the Indian cricket team. He was India’s finest cricketers but because of his social status he was never allowed to captain the team. There were objections from the team mates who were from so called higher communities, brahmins, they didn’t want Baloo to play in the team. But due to Baloo’s skill selectors were forced to make a place for him in the team. He bowled beautifully and took lots of wickets for the team and came out victorious, even then he was kept separately in the team. The ball was rolled on the ground and passed to the other person by kicking by foot because the ball was touched by Baloo. Baloo used to sit separately during lunch, drinks or tea break. This untouchable act continued till Baloo’s brother Palwankar Vithal was made captain of Hindus team by Hindu Gymkhana Club which was seen as an impact of changing social situations in India.

The Revolutionist – Mansoor Ali Khan Pataudi

     Image result for Pataudi Indian team was sought of ready now after gaining independence. There was equality in the team and players started relating themselves to one another and stood up as INDIA in the game of cricket because of Pataudi. He captained Indian cricket team at the age of 21 years even though there were other Senior and experienced players in the team.

Bishan Singh Bedi

Image result for bishen singh bedi Bishan Singh Bedi is a former cricket cricket, played for India from 1966-1979. He was known for slow orthodox bolling and right hand batting. He also stood out for the whole team when it came to proper remuneration/ salary to the players. He slammed the BCCI (Board) and questioned them for irregular or less payment. According to him when a test match is meant to be played for 5 days, sometimes the match used to get wrapped up in 4 days. In such case where the salary should be given for 5 days, players were paid for only 4 days. Today we don’t see such problem in 21st century, but if there are minute problems that are taken care of by the board.

Cricket took its time to stand as one of the popular game in the country. As the master blaster, Sachin Tendulkar joined cricket at the age of 16, all citizens of India started worshiping this game. Then came Dravid, Ganguly, Kumble, Srinath, Lakshman to take cricket to different level.

Today we should not forget people like Bishan Singh Bedi, Pataudi etc. If they had not taken the charge at that time and made the board think the way they were working, do you think the Indian team would have been the same like today?


Author: policymattersweb

Currently pursuing masters in public policy to bring human resources on a bigger platform. love to play cricket,go on long drives, adventure sports and painting.

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